Palladium

ElementsPalladiumPlatinumRutheniumPraseodymiumRheniumIronSiliconArsenicChlorineCobaltCopperNickelArgonTelluriumSulfurVanadiumZirconiumZincLithiumPhosphorusCeriumCarbonPalladium Palladium is a fantastic catalyst for many organic transformations, for example selective oxidation, and as such understanding the surface chemistry is vital and has been [...]

Platinum

ElementsPalladiumPlatinumRutheniumPraseodymiumRheniumIronSiliconArsenicChlorineCobaltCopperNickelArgonTelluriumSulfurVanadiumZirconiumZincLithiumPhosphorusCeriumCarbonPlatinum Analysis of platinum by XPS is typically performed on the Pt 4f region. Platinum is very commonly found combined with alumina in heterogeneous catalysis, resulting [...]

Ruthenium

ElementsPalladiumPlatinumRutheniumPraseodymiumRheniumIronSiliconArsenicChlorineCobaltCopperNickelArgonTelluriumSulfurVanadiumZirconiumZincLithiumPhosphorusCeriumCarbonRuthenium Ruthenium (Ru) is a metal typically found in catalysis, electrochemistry and electrical applications. XPS analysis of ruthenium is complicated due to the main Ru(3d) core-level [...]

Praseodymium

ElementsPalladiumPlatinumRutheniumPraseodymiumRheniumIronSiliconArsenicChlorineCobaltCopperNickelArgonTelluriumSulfurVanadiumZirconiumZincLithiumPhosphorusCeriumCarbonPraseodymium Praseodymium XPS is typically performed on the Pr 3d orbitals. It will strongly overlap with the Cu 2p and I 3p photoemission, as well as [...]

Rhenium

ElementsPalladiumPlatinumRutheniumPraseodymiumRheniumIronSiliconArsenicChlorineCobaltCopperNickelArgonTelluriumSulfurVanadiumZirconiumZincLithiumPhosphorusCeriumCarbonRhenium Typically considered to be one of the most stable elements due to its high melting and boiling points, rhenium is often found in nickel based [...]

Iron

ElementsPalladiumPlatinumRutheniumPraseodymiumRheniumIronSiliconArsenicChlorineCobaltCopperNickelArgonTelluriumSulfurVanadiumZirconiumZincLithiumPhosphorusCeriumCarbonIron As with many first row transition metals, analysis of Iron by XPS is non-trivial. The multiplet splittings in the Fe 2p region result in a [...]

Silicon

ElementsPalladiumPlatinumRutheniumPraseodymiumRheniumIronSiliconArsenicChlorineCobaltCopperNickelArgonTelluriumSulfurVanadiumZirconiumZincLithiumPhosphorusCeriumCarbonSilicon Silicon is extensively studied by XPS due it’s effectiveness as a substrate and the versatility of the oxide as a catalyst support. The 2p region [...]

Arsenic

ElementsPalladiumPlatinumRutheniumPraseodymiumRheniumIronSiliconArsenicChlorineCobaltCopperNickelArgonTelluriumSulfurVanadiumZirconiumZincLithiumPhosphorusCeriumCarbonArsenic Arsenic is primarily analysed using the As(3d) region, which can overlap with the Ta(5p1/2) signal.  Generally observed as an oxide or in GaAs, the As(3d) [...]

Chlorine

ElementsPalladiumPlatinumRutheniumPraseodymiumRheniumIronSiliconArsenicChlorineCobaltCopperNickelArgonTelluriumSulfurVanadiumZirconiumZincLithiumPhosphorusCeriumCarbonChlorine Chlorine XPS analysis very straightforward and is typically performed on the 2p region where overlaps are restricted to the Se LMM auger and As 3s [...]

Cobalt

ElementsPalladiumPlatinumRutheniumPraseodymiumRheniumIronSiliconArsenicChlorineCobaltCopperNickelArgonTelluriumSulfurVanadiumZirconiumZincLithiumPhosphorusCeriumCarbonCobalt nalysis of Cobalt by XPS is typically performed on the intense 2p region, however as with most first row TMs, significant multiplet splitting renders deconvolution [...]